Since its birth, Matanzas has been known as “The Venice of Cuba” because of its many bridges and as “The Athens of Cuba” because of its many poets. This province offers a wide range of architecture. It has museums and cultural institutions such as the Teatro Sauto and has a proximity to significant Cuban natural areas such as Cienaga de Zapata National Park, Caves of Bellamar. In the heart of the city we can find the Jose White cultural center, the place where more than a century ago was danced the first “danzon” composed by Miguel Failde.
The Spanish named the place as Matanzas, after a ship with thirty men and two women shipwrecked nearby the port and were attacked and killed by the Indians. Matanzas has the pride of having in its territory, one of the best beaches in the world: Varadero, a masterpiece of nature. The fine white sand and its warm transparent waters makes it one of the most important and recognized beaches in the world.